15 câu hỏi khi thực hiện phỏng vấn bằng tiếng Anh mà ai cũng cần phải biết

Phỏng vấn bằng tiếng Anh là một cuộc chiến trí tuệ giữa ứng viên và nhà tuyển dụng. Với sự tự tin và chuẩn bị cẩn thận, bạn có thể trả lời mọi câu hỏi phỏng vấn tiếng Anh. Các câu hỏi rất đa dạng, nhưng có những câu hỏi bạn gặp đến 90% khi phỏng vấn tiếng Anh. Hãy nắm vững 15 câu hỏi này và cách trả lời chúng ngay!

A/ 15 câu hỏi phỏng vấn bằng tiếng Anh phổ biến nhất

Dưới đây là 15 câu hỏi phỏng vấn tiếng Anh thường gặp nhất và các mẫu trả lời bạn nên tham khảo. Hãy đọc kỹ nhé!

1/ Tell us about yourself

Trong câu hỏi này, hãy tôn trọng điểm khác biệt, điểm mạnh và kinh nghiệm của bạn liên quan đến công việc hiện tại.

Hãy trả lời theo thứ tự thời gian từ hiện tại trở lại quá khứ:

  • Câu trả lời nên kéo dài khoảng 1 phút.
  • Đảm bảo sắp xếp câu trả lời một cách rõ ràng, logic.
  • Hãy sử dụng cấu trúc ngữ pháp và từ vựng mạch lạc nhưng không quá đơn giản.
  • Nói theo thứ tự sau đây: Vị trí và công ty hiện tại
  • Kể về kinh nghiệm trong sự nghiệp – Bằng cấp và chứng chỉ – Lý do bạn muốn ứng tuyển vào vị trí này.


“I graduated four years ago from the University of Michigan, with a Bachelor’s in Biology – but I decided that wasn’t the right path for me. So I switched gears and got my first job, working in sales for a startup. Then I went on to work in marketing for a law firm. After that, I took a few months off to travel. Finally, I came back and worked in marketing again. And now, here I am, looking for a more challenging marketing role.”

Điều nên làm: Đề xuất một kế hoạch cụ thể cho dự án và thảo luận với đồng đội.

“I’m really energetic, and a great communicator. Working in sales for two years helped me build confidence, and taught me the importance of customer loyalty. I’ve also got a track record of success. In my last role, I launched a company newsletter, which helped us build on our existing relationships and create new ones. Because of this, we ended up seeing a revenue increase of 10% over two years. I’m also really interested in how companies can use web tools to better market themselves and would be committed to building on your existing platform.”

2/ Why do you want to work in this industry?

Bạn cần tự tin và rõ ràng trả lời các câu hỏi về ngành và công ty mà bạn muốn làm việc. Đừng ngần ngại thể hiện sự hiểu biết của mình.

Điều không nên làm: Hãy tránh việc đưa ra câu trả lời không rõ ràng hoặc không liên quan đến câu hỏi.

“I love to shop. Even as a kid, I spent hours flipping through catalogs.”

Điều cần làm:

“I’ve always loved shopping, but my interest in retail marketing really started when I worked at a neighborhood boutique. I knew our clothes were amazing, but that we weren’t marketing them properly. So I worked with management to come up with a marketing strategy that increased our sales by 25% in a year. It was great to be able to contribute positively to an industry I feel so passionate about, and to help promote a product I really believed in.”

3/ What do you think of your previous boss?


“He was completely incompetent, and a nightmare to work with, which is why I’ve moved on”

Điều nên làm:

“My last boss taught me the importance of time management – he didn’t pull any punches and was extremely deadline-driven. His no-nonsense attitude pushed me to work harder, and to meet deadlines I never even thought were possible.”

4/ Why are you leaving your current role?

Không nên:

“I can’t stand my boss or the work I’m doing.”

Điều nên làm:

“I’ve learned a lot from my current role, but now I’m looking for a new challenge, to broaden my horizons and to gain a new skill-set – all of which, I see the potential for in this job.”

5/ Where do you see yourself in five years?


“Relaxing on a beach in Maui,” or “Doing your job.”

Điều cần thận trọng:

“In five years I’d like to have an even better understanding of this industry. Also, I really love working with people. Ultimately, I’d like to be in some type of managerial role at this company, where I can use my people skills and industry knowledge to benefit the people working for me, and the company as a whole.”

6/ What’s your greatest weakness?

Không nên:

“I work too hard,” or for the comedian, “Blondes.”

Hành động nên làm:

“I’ve never been very comfortable with public speaking – which as you know, can be a hindrance in the workplace. Realizing this was a problem, I asked my previous employer if I could enroll in a speech workshop. He said “yes.” I took the class and was able to overcome my lifelong fear. Since then, I’ve given lots of presentations to audiences of over 100 high-level executives – I still don’t love it, but no one else can tell!”

7/ What salary are you looking for?


“In my last job I earned $35,000 – so, now I’m looking for $40,000”

Cần thận trọng:

“I’m more interested in the role itself than the pay. That said, I’d expect to be paid the appropriate range for this role, based on my five years of experience. I also think a fair salary would bear in mind the high cost of living here in New York City.”

8/ Why should I hire you?

Không nên:

“I’m the best candidate for the role.”

Điều cần thực hiện:

“I’ve been an Executive Assistant for the past ten years – my boss has said time and time again that without me, the organization would fall apart. I’ve also taken the time to educate myself on some of the software I regularly use (but didn’t really understand the ins and outs of). I’m an Excel wiz now, which means I can work faster, and take over some of what my boss would traditionally have had to do himself. What’s good enough for most people is never really good enough for me.”

9/ What is your greatest failure, and what did you learn from it?


I never finished law school – and everything that’s happened since has taught me that giving up, just because the going gets tough, is a huge mistake.”

Hãy cân nhắc:

“When I was in college, I took an art class to supplement my curriculum. I didn’t take it very seriously and assumed that compared to my Engineering class; it would be a walk in the park. My failing grades at midterm showed me otherwise. I’d even jeopardized my scholarship status. I knew I had to get my act together. I spent the rest of the semester making up for it, ended up getting a decent grade in the class. I learned that no matter what I’m doing, I should strive to do it to the best of my ability. Otherwise, it’s not worth doing at all.”

11/ How do you explain your gap in employment?

Không nên:

“I was so tired of working, and I needed a break,” or “I just can’t find a job.”

Điều cần làm:

“My work is important to me, so I won’t be satisfied with any old job. Instead of rushing to accept the first thing that comes my way, I’m taking my time and being selective to make sure my next role is the right one.”

12/ When were you most satisfied with your job?


“I was most satisfied when I did well and got praised for my work.”

Lựa chọn khôn ngoan:

“I’m a people person. I was always happiest – and most satisfied – when I was interacting with customers, making sure I was able to meet their needs and giving them the best possible customer experience. It was my favorite part of the job, and it showed – I was rated as “Good or Excellent” 95% of the time. Part of the reason I’m interested in this job is that I know I’d have even more interaction with customers, on an even more critical level.”

13/ What did you like least about your last job?

Không nên:

“A lack of stability. I felt like the place could collapse around me at any time.”

Đề nghị:

“There was nothing about my last job that I hated, but I guess there were some things I liked less than others. My previous role involved traveling at least twice a month. While I do love to travel, twice a month was a little exhausting – I didn’t like spending quite so much time out of the office. I’m happy to see that this role involves a lot less travel.”

14/ Describe a time when you did not get along with a coworker


“I’m easy to get along with, so I’ve never had any kind of discord with another coworker.”

Đề xuất:

“I used to lock heads with a fellow nurse in the INCU ward. We disagreed over a lot of things – from the care of patients to who got what shifts to how to speak with a child’s family. Our personalities just didn’t mesh. After three months of arguing, I pulled her aside and asked her to lunch. At lunch, we talked about our differences and why we weren’t getting along. It turns out, it was all about communication. We communicated differently and once we knew that, we began to work well together. I really believe that talking a problem through with someone can help solve any issue.”

15/ What motivates you?

Không nên:

“Doing a good job and being rewarded for it.”

Đây không phải là một phản hồi tồi, tuy nhiên bạn đang bỏ lỡ một cơ hội để chia sẻ về bản thân ở đây. Câu trả lời này nên nhấn mạnh sự nhiệt tình và cam kết của bạn. Vì vậy, đừng trả lời mơ hồ, hãy kể những câu chuyện cụ thể hơn về bản thân.

Nên thế này

“I’ve always been motivated by the challenge of meeting a tough deadline – in my last role, I was responsible for a 100% success rate in terms of delivering our products on time and within budget. I know that this job is very fast-paced and deadline-driven – I’m more than up for the challenge. In fact, I thrive on it.”

16/ How would your friends describe you?

Không nên thế này:

“I’m a really good listener.”

Nên như thế này:

“My friends would probably say that I’m extremely persistent – I’ve never been afraid to keep going back until I get what I want. When I worked as a program developer, recruiting keynote speakers for a major tech conference, I got one rejection after another – this was just the nature of the job. But I really wanted the big players – so I wouldn’t take no for an answer. I kept going back to them every time there was a new company on board or some new value proposition. Eventually, many of them actually said “yes” – the program turned out to be so great that we doubled our attendees from the year before. A lot of people might have given up after the first rejection, but it’s just not in my nature. If I know something is possible, I have to keep trying until I get it.”

B/ Bí quyết đáp ứng câu hỏi phỏng vấn bằng tiếng Anh để ghi điểm với nhà tuyển dụng

Thể hiện sự kết nối với nhà tuyển dụng trong buổi phỏng vấn

Khi thảo luận về một cuộc phỏng vấn, điều quan trọng là tạo ra ấn tượng đầu tiên ấn tượng. Một gợi ý hữu ích là lựa chọn trang phục phù hợp.

Bạn sẽ tự tin hơn khi biết mình mặc gọn gàng, chuyên nghiệp và không có nếp nhăn. Điều quan trọng là bạn cảm thấy thoải mái với trang phục bạn đang mặc trong ngày; không có gì làm mất tập trung hơn khi một người được phỏng vấn lo lắng về quần áo hoặc kiểu tóc của họ.


Aten đã giới thiệu cho bạn 15 câu hỏi phỏng vấn tiếng Anh phổ biến và cách trả lời. Nếu bạn thấy hữu ích, hãy chia sẻ với bạn bè nhé!


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