Từ vựng về môi trường năm 2024 – 100+ từ vựng tiếng Anh liên quan đến môi trường

Chủ đề môi trường là một đề tài phổ biến trong tiếng Anh nói chung và đặc biệt quan trọng với những người học tiếng Anh. Đây cũng là một chủ đề rất thịnh hành và cấp bách hiện nay. Cùng Aten khám phá danh sách từ vựng tiếng Anh về môi trường, những từ thông dụng và dễ sử dụng trong viết và nói ở dưới đây nhé.

1. Từ ngữ tiếng Anh về chủ đề môi trường phổ biến

Word Example sentence Meaning Nghĩa tiếng việt
acid rain noun Burning fossil fuels in one country can cause acid rain in other countries. rain that contains harmful chemicals that collect in the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned mưa acid
ban verb Our school has banned plastic bottles because they’re so bad for the environment. to not allow something (eg. smoking, alcohol, plastic bags, protest marches, etc.) cấm
carbon dioxide (CO2) noun Trees and plants absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the air. a gas that’s released when carbon is burned (for example coal or oil), or when people or animals breathe out khí CO2
carbon footprint noun Travelling by air, driving a car or using coal-generated electricity will make your carbon footprint bigger. a measurement of the amount of carbon-dioxide a person adds to the atmosphere lượng carbon một người thải ra không khí
carcinogen noun Cigarette smoke contains a number of carcinogens. a substance that has been linked to causing one or more types of cancer chất gây ung thư
carpool verb I carpool to work with two of my neighbours who also work downtown. to share a car instead of driving one alone chia sẻ phương tiện
clear-cut verb Forests never recover fully after being clear-cut. to destroy a forest by cutting down all the trees chặt, phá hoại rừng
clearcutting (also clearfelling) noun Did you know that clearcutting is the worst way to use a forest’s resources? a forestry or logging practice in which most or all trees in an area are cut down chặt rừng
climate change noun Do you really think you know more about climate change than a real climate scientist? global changes in temperature, wind patterns, rainfall, etc. mainly caused by the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil thay dổi khí hậu
compost verb Since we started composting we’ve reduced our garbage by half. to put organic waste like vegetable peels, uneaten food, grass clippings and leaves into a large container that breaks it down into healthy soil phân trộn
commute verb Imagine how much pollution you cause by commuting by car for two hours a day? to travel from home to work and back di chuyển, dịch chuyển, chuyển rời
conservation noun Conservation wasn’t a big issue until the book Silent Spring was published in 1966. the protection and preservation of natural environments and resources sự bảo tồn
consume verb Americans consume more than their share of the earth’s resources. to use things like energy, fuel, materials, food, water, etc. tiêu thụ
contaminated adj. Their contaminated milk powder made lots of babies really sick. carrying harmful bacteria or toxins that can cause disease or death bị ô nhiễm
developing country noun We moved our factory to a developing country because of cheap labour and weak environmental laws. a poor nation that’s gradually becoming richer and more advanced nước đang phát triển
domestic waste (also household waste) noun How much domestic waste does your family produce every day? rubbish or garbage from a house or apartment rác thải gia đình
donate verb If you donate money to Greenpeace, you’ll be helping endangered animals. to give money or goods to an organization you want to help or support ủng hộ, quyên góp
dump verb You can be sent to jail for dumping hazardous waste, you know. to put waste in the wrong place (eg. put toxic waste into a river) xả rác bừa bãi
eco-community or ecovillage noun Our kids want to live in that eco-community near the forest. a community with environmentally-friendly buildings, clean technology and renewable energy like solar and wind cộng đồng sinh thái
endangered species noun Every year more animals are listed as endangered species. animals or plants in danger of becoming extinct or disappearing in the near future giống/loài động vật đang ở mức đe dọa, có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng
energy-efficient adj. Those energy-efficient light bulbs are much cheaper these days. able to use less energy (esp. of vehicles, appliances, buildings, etc.) tiết kiệm năng lượng
environmentalist noun Fossil fuel companies have tried to damage the image of environmentalists and climate scientists. a person who protects the natural world and educates others about environmental problems nhà bảo vệ môi trường
ecosystem noun All those plants, insects and birds in your garden are part of an ecosystem. the complex system of relationships between living things and their environment hệ sinh thái
emit verb Cars emit harmful pollutants into the atmosphere. to release or project something (eg. light, sound, smoke, gas, radiation, etc.) xả
extinct adj. Lots of Australian animals have become extinct since the British took control. no longer existing or lost forever (of an animal, bird or plant species) tuyệt chủng
fertilize verb If you are going to fertilize your lawn, make sure to use an organic fertilizer. to add chemicals or organic material to soil so that plants grow better Bón phân
food chain noun We need to know where each species fits in the food chain. the order in which organisms in an ecosystem eat one another chuỗi thức ăn
fossil fuel noun Burning fossil fuels is a major cause of global warming. a fuel like oil or coal formed from very old plant and animal fossils Hóa thạch
global warming (also climate change) noun Rising sea levels, melting ice caps and coral reef bleaching are caused by global warming. higher air and sea temperatures partly caused by man-made increases in greenhouse-gas levels nóng lên toàn cầu
green adj. If you want to save the planet, join one of the green political parties. concerned with protecting the natural environment and the planet có ý thức, quan tâm đến môi trường
greenhouse gas noun The more greenhouse gases we produce, the worse climate change will get. a gas in the atmosphere that stops heat from escaping into space Khí ga
habitat noun Lots of animals will become extinct if their natural habitats are destroyed. the place in which a species normally lives Môi trường sinh thái
hazardous waste noun They increased their profits by dumping hazardous waste into the ocean. dangerous substances that need careful disposal (eg. toxic or nuclear waste) rác thải độc hại
minimize verb Taking public transport instead of driving a car minimizes your impact on the environment. to reduce as much as possible làm giảm đến mức thấp nhất có thể
pesticide noun Can’t we find a pesticide that’s safe? a chemical that’s sprayed on crops to stop insects from destroying them Thuốc diệt côn trùng
pollutant noun The Environmental Protection Agency checks levels of pollutants. a substance or material that damages the natural environment Chất gây ô nhiễm
pollute verb Fumes from factories pollute our air. to release waste substances into the air, water and soil Gây ô nhiễm
pollution noun All the pollution around here comes from factories and mines. the contamination of the environment, esp. by industrial waste products and chemicals like pesticides Sự ô nhiễm
preserve verb We need stronger laws in order to preserve our forests. to keep something in its original state Bảo tồn
protect verb It’s really important to protect our water supply. to keep from harm Bảo vệ
protest verb Environmentalists will protest if the loggers try to destroy the forest. to show you disagree with something, esp. as part of a group of protesters Không đồng ý
recycle verb The green bin’s for things that can be recycled like paper and glass. to make something new from materials that have been used before Tái chế
reduce verb You can reduce your household waste by buying products with less packaging. to use less or make something smaller Giảm thiểu/làm giảm
reforestation noun Plant twenty trees in our reforestation project and you’ll get into our dance party for free! the planting of trees and plants to help a damaged or destroyed forest recover Tái lập rừng
renewable adj. We’re producing cheaper renewable energy these days. can be used without running out, esp. of energy sources like solar and wind Có thể tái sử dụng
renewables noun If you want to make money, invest in renewables. forms of energy that can be replaced naturally, such as hydro-electricity, solar energy and wind power Năng lượng có thể tái sử dụng
rely on verb We won’t have to rely on power companies if we use solar and wind power instead. to depend on (or need) someone or something Dựa vào cái gì đó
reuse verb We try to reuse things like plastic bags and bottles. to use again Tái sử dụng
self-sufficient adj. We’re going to live in a self-sufficient farming community. able to function, or produce all that’s needed, without outside help Tự cung tự cấp
smog noun The smog was so bad that we had to wear air-filter masks. a thick dirty cloud at ground level caused by pollutants reacting to sunlight Sương mù
throw away verb Don’t throw away your grass clippings; leave them on your lawn. to get rid of something you don’t want Vứt
toxic adj. After the mine released toxic waste into the river, all the fish died. deadly or poisonous (of waste, chemicals, pollutants, etc.) Độc hai
toxin (toxic chemical) noun Smoke from factories often contains dangerous toxins. a poisonous substance that damages health or the environment Hóa chất độc hại
use up verb We are using up the earth’s natural resources faster than ever. to use something until there’s none left Ngốn
waste verb Don’t waste toilet paper; use one or two sheets instead of three or four. to use more than necessary, or to use inefficiently Rác
wildlife noun I love taking pictures of wildlife in the forest. animals, birds, insects, etc. living naturally in the wild Cuộc sống hoang dã
zero-emission adj. Zero-emission vehicles like electric cars are much cheaper now. releasing no greenhouse gases like carbon-dioxide or methane Không xả khói bụi
Crowd psychology It must be noted that Vietnamese people litter because of crowd psychology. So if one person and then two, change their littering habits, the rest may change too Tâm lý đám đông

2. Từ ngữ tiếng Anh về đề tài môi trường phổ biến


Clean up Remove dirt, rubbish, debris, etc. The population helped clean up the beaches after an oil spillage. Dọn sạch
Cut down / Chop down Remove (trees) by cutting To avoid deforestation it should be compulsory for new trees to be planted where the original trees have been cut down / chopped down. chặt cây
Die out Become extinct; stop existing Some species of animals have already died out due to climate change. tuyệt chủng
Dispose of Get rid of Nuclear waste must be disposed of safely. thoát khỏi
Dry up Disappear through evaporation Due to prolonged periods of drought, many rivers have dried up. làm khô
Heat up Increase the temperature The sun heats up the surface of the earth. làm tăng nhiệt độ
Phase out Gradually stop Some countries have decided to phase out the production of petrol-driven cars. dừng một cách dần dần
Run out of Use up the supply of something until there is none left. How will we manage if we run out of petrol? hết , dùng hết,
Scale back / Scale down Reduce the quantity or amount The army has decided to scale back (on) its use of petrol-driven vehicles. Làm giảm
Turn off Stop the flow To save water, turn off the tap when brushing your teeth. Tắt, ngắt
Throw away Discard Don’t throw away plastic bottles. Recycle them! vứt
Use up Use until there is no more We’ve already used up the earth’s resources for this year. ngốn, dùng không suy nghĩ đến việc hết
Wipe out Eliminate A nuclear war would most probably wipe out all life on our planet. xóa sổ
come to become conscious đến, để ý
get over recover from something It’s taken me ages to get over the flu Vượt qua
to alleviate environmental problem để làm giảm nhẹ những vấn đề môi trường
sustainable development Phát triển bền vững


Qua bài viết này, bạn đã hiểu về hơn 100 từ vựng, cụm từ tiếng Anh về đề tài môi trường – Environment Vocabulary cũng như giải nghĩa chi tiết bằng tiếng Anh. Xin cảm ơn mọi người đã dành thời gian nghiên cứu và tham khảo bộ từ vựng này. Nếu thấy hữu ích và có thể áp dụng cho bản thân, mọi người có thể chia sẻ hoặc bình luận vào bài viết để chúng ta có thêm những bài viết hữu ích hơn trong tương lai. Hi vọng rằng những kiến thức từ Aten sẽ giúp bạn áp dụng vào cuộc sống và công việc một cách hiệu quả.


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