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Bài mẫu IELTS Reading
Sea monsters are the stuff of legend, and they can be found not just in the ocean’s depths but also in the shadowy recesses of our imaginations. What is it about these creatures that captivate us?
Stephen King penned the chilling novel The Shining with the line, “This inhuman environment breeds human monsters.” Many experts concur that monsters stalk through our ancestors’ thoughts and lurk in the shadows, under the bed, or even at the bottom of the sea. According to Matthias Classen, an assistant professor of literature and media at Aarhus University in Denmark who specializes in studying monsters in literature, “they don’t truly exist, but they play a tremendous part in our mindscapes, in our dreams, stories, nightmares, myths, and so on.” “Monsters don’t speak for the universe; they speak for human mentality.”
One Norse myth describes the Kraken, an underwater monster that was the bane of fishermen. If sailors came across a location with lots of fish, the monster was probably what brought them to the surface. The unfortunate sailors would be pulled from the boat and dragged to a watery doom if it spotted the ship.
The poet Alfred Lord Tennyson also spent time thinking about and writing about this horrific fable. He stated in his little poem The Kraken from 1830: “The Kraken sleepeth in his old, dreamless, uninvaded sleep / Below the thunders of the upper deep, / Far far under in the dismal sea.” We dive into our own minds more deeply the further we go into the ocean. And when there is nothing left for us to go, the Kraken is waiting.
Most likely, the huge squid served as the inspiration for the Kraken. As the embodiment of the dangers of the deep water, the enormous mollusc occupies a prominent position. At the surface, sailors would have seen it dead and presumably thrashing around. According to Edith Widder, CEO of the Ocean Research and Conservation Association, it would have been “about the most foreign thing you can imagine,” and it would have made for an odd sight.
“It possesses two cutting tentacles sprouting directly from its head, eight lashing arms, serrated suckers that can grab even the slimiest prey, and a parrot mouth that can rend flesh. It has three blue blood-pumping hearts, a jet propulsion system, and an eye the size of your head.” With Jules Verne’s renowned sea monster novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, published in 1870, the enormous squid continued to rule sea monster tales. The submarine dream by Jules Verne is a timeless tale pitting a small man against a huge squid.
According to Edinburgh Napier University’s Emily Alder, the monster didn’t need to be made more terrifying because it already was. Verne also tried to incorporate as many facts as he could into the novel. “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea and Victor Hugo’s Toilers of the Sea, a book that was published at the same time, both attempted to depict the giant squid as they might have been real zoological animals, taking the squid much more seriously as a biological creature than as a mythical creature.” The squid was known to be nasty and would quickly attack people if given the chance.
The giant squid myth was disproved in 2012 when Edith Widder and her team were the first to successfully capture gigantic squid underwater and observe the true nature of the creature of the deep. They realized that prior attempts to film squid had failed because the submersibles’ loud thrusters and bright lights had scared the animals away.
They were able to observe this remarkable species in its native environment by turning down the engines and attracting it with bioluminescence. It quietly approached, its body swirled with shiny bronze and silver hues. Its enormous, perceptive eye eyed the submersible suspiciously as it carefully nibbled on the bait with its beak. It was mesmerizing and balletic. It was a far cry from the gnashing, man-devouring monster of myth and literature. Actually, this is a timid giant that picks at its meal and is often startled.
Another enormous squid is preserved in a large glass case and is calmly dozing off in the Spirit Room at the Natural History Museum in London. It died at the surface in 2004 after being captured in a fishing net off the Falkland Islands. The crew promptly sent its body to be frozen, and Jon Ablett, the curator of molluscs, sent it to be kept at the museum. It is affectionately referred to as Archie and has the Latin name Architeuthis dux. It is the largest specimen of a gigantic squid that has ever been preserved.
According to Ablett, “it really has brought science to life for many people.” The majority of my research is on slugs and snails, but sadly, most people don’t like to talk about that, so sometimes I feel a little overshadowed by Archie.
As a result, we can now observe Archie’s graceful ancestor on screen and look at Archie (a woman) directly in a museum. But have we vanquished the sea monster for good? Can the Kraken finally be put to rest now that we know there is nothing to be terrified of? Most likely, says Classen. “Humans are prone to having weird fears. They don’t have to be plausible. There is no evidence that scientific advancement and enlightenment have exterminated the monsters from the recesses of our collective imagination. We’ll probably always be terrified of truly weird things, like sea monsters.”
Yes, we are. In the popular television show Pirates of the Caribbean, the terrifying Kraken makes an appearance. It prompted Captain Jack Sparrow to have a horrific face-to-face experience with his demons. Nothing less than the enormous Kraken would do for the pirates. Or, to use the words of German filmmaker Werner Herzog, “Without a creature skulking in the shadows, what would an ocean be? It like sleeping without dreams.”
Dạng bài True/ False/ Not Given
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
In boxes 1–7 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
- Regarding the potential of a monster, Matthias Classen is unsure.
- Kraken was possibly inspired by a fictitious creature.
- The squid has resisted attempts to video it in the past because it was frightened.
- In 2004, a giant squid was captured alive and delivered to a museum.
- It’s clear that Jon Ablett likes Archie.
- According to Classen, actual and imagined monsters can both frighten people.
- Kraken, according to Werner Herzog, is crucial to the ocean.
Dạng bài Multiple Choice
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes 8–12 on your answer sheet.
8. Who wrote a book with a massive squid?
- Emily Alder
- Stephen King
- Alfred Lord Tennyson
- Jules Verne
9. What about the bodily parts that mollusic DOESN’T have??
- two tentacles
- serrated suckers
- smooth suckers
10. Which statement best describes the literary Kraken?
11. Where can we find a massive squid?
- at the museum
- at a seaside
- on TV
- in supermarkets
12. The text’s primary goal is to:
- help us to understand more about both mythical and biological creatures of the deep
- illustrate the difference between Kraken and squid
- shed the light on the mythical creatures of the ocean
- compare Kraken to its real relative
Dạng bài Fill in the blank
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 13–16 on your answer sheet.
13. According to the Victor Hugo’s novel, the squid would if he had such opportunity.
14. The real squid appeared to be and .
15. Archie must be the of its kind on Earth.
16. We are able to encounter the Kraken’s in a movie franchise.
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Tham khảo: Bài đọc IELTS theo chủ đề mới nhất năm 2022